The Lesser Key of Solomon

The Lesser Key of Solomon is a book that appeared during the 17th century, anonymously written, and is considered to be one of the most popular among the various grimoire–books or a book, containing rituals of witchcraft of the summoning of demonic spirits. The book claims to have been written by King Solomon himself, however this is definitely not the case, since many of the terms used within, as well as prayers and other references to Christianity  were unknown during the time of King Solomon. A great deal of the material used within was taken from other texts, namely that of a 16th century appendix to a different book called Pseudomonarchia Daemonum, by Johann Weyer as well as other late-medieval grimoire texts. That title means “Hierachry of Demons” and it is an Appendix to the book by Johann Weyer, from De praestigiis daemonum, produced in 1577, meaning The False Monarchy of Demons.

A separate title of the Lesser Key of Solomon is the Lemegeton, however, it’s not considered accurate and is rarely used because the title relies on incorrect Latin. There are five parts of the Lesser key of Solomon. The first of the five, is the Ars Goetia, which describes seventy-two demons that Solomon has supposedly invoked, that are now residing in a sealed bronze vessel. The book later goes on to give instructions for the construction of a similar vessel in order to safely contain one’s demons. How nice of him. The list of demons is as follows:

1. King Bael
2. Duke Agares
3. Prince Vassago
4. Marquis Samigina
5. President Marbas
6. Duke Valefar
7. Marquis Amon
8. Duke Barbatos
9. King Paimon
10. President Buer
11. Duke Gusion
12. Prince Sitri
13. King Beleth
14. Marquis Leraje
15. Duke Eligos
16. Duke Zepar
17. Count/President Botis
18. Duke Bathin
19. Duke Sallos
20. King Purson
21. Count/President Morax
22. Count/Prince Ipos
23. Duke Aim
24. Marquis Naberius
25. Count/President Glasya-Labolas
26. Duke Bune
27. Marquis/Count Ronove
28. Duke Berith
29. Duke Astaroth
30. Marquis Forneus
31. President Foras
32. King Asmodeus
33. Prince/President Gaap
34. Count Furfur
35. Marquis Marchosias
36. Prince Stolas
37. Marquis Phenex
38. Count Halphas
39. President Malphas
40. Count Raum
41. Duke Focalor
42. Duke Vepar
43. Marquis Sabnock
44. Marquis Shax
45. King/Count Vine
46. Count Bifrons
47. Duke Uvall
48. President Haagenti
49. Duke Crocell
50. Knight Furcas
51. King Balam
52. Duke Alloces
53. President Caim
54. Duke/Count Murmur
55. Prince Orobas
56. Duke Gremory
57. President Ose
58. President Amy
59. Marquis Orias
60. Duke Vapula
61. King/President Zagan
62. President Volac
63. Marquis Andras
64. Duke Haures
65. Marquis Andrealphus
66. Marquis Cimejes
67. Duke Amdusias
68. King Belial
69. Marquis Decarabia
70. Prince Seere
71. Duke Dantalion
72. Count Andromalius

The second part of the Lesser Key of Solomon is the Ars Theurgia Goetia. This section goes on to describe the names, qualities and attributes of thirty-one other spirits that can be summoned and stored, that have both good and evil qualities. It also explains the necessary rituals to conjure them and gives detailed instructions on how to store them as well.

The third part of the Lesser Key of Solomon is called the Ars Paulina, or The Art Of Paul. According to the legends surrounding the book, the Apostle Paul was the one to discover the art described in this section, however it is referred to in the book as the Pauline Art of King Solomon. In the first chapter of the third section the book contains detailed instruction on how to invoke and manipulate angels of the day and night; or astrological angels. The second chapter of the book gives the same details of how to manipulate and summon the “angels of man”, or the angels of the Zodiac, so named because each man is born under a sign of the Zodiac.

The fourth section of the book is the Ars Almadel, or Art of the Almadel. The almadel is a wax tablet with protective signs drawn into it, on which are placed four candles. It is used to invoke angels for the power to ask questions or grant tasks, but the author advises to only ask reasonable and just things of the angel once he is invoked.

The fifth part of the Lesser Key of Solomon is the Ars Notoria, or the Notable Art, in which the author confides, that the Creator sent an angel to him and spoke through the angel a revelation unto him (the highly unlikely King Solomon). The angel who was also the voice of God gave him all of the magical words for each and every prayer that could be used to invoke various spirits on earth. The book goes on to describe each, and give the aspects of the moon that the prayers obtain the best results in. Last, the section of the book describes God’s revelation to King Solomon.

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